Diabetes is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions in the western nations of the world. It has been estimated that one of every five people born after the year 2000 will develop diabetes in their lifetime. More than 16 million Americans already suffer from this disease. Diabetes is manifest by the loss of the ability to control the amount of sugar (glucose) present in the blood.
Normal control of blood glucose is essential for good health and well-being. Blood glucose levels are maintained within certain limits as a result of the effects of a hormone called Insulin on various tissues and organs in the body. If the concentration of blood glucose strays outside of the normal limits, as it does in untreated diabetes, serious and sometimes fatal consequences can occur. Insulin is produced by specialized cells called “ß-cells” that are located in the pancreas.
There are two major subtypes of diabetes:
HPRL is working to develop novel treatments for both Type I and Type II Diabetes.